• 来稿:陈琳  北京市虹天济神经科学研究院

  • Acad Med. 1992 Apr;67(4):246-7. 

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  • Restoring hope: lifting the ban on fetal  tissue transplantation research

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  • Adams  B.

  • PIP:Chairman of the Subcommittee on Aging of the  US Congressional Committee on Labor  and Human Relations supports the Research Freedom Act designed to lift the ban  on fetal tissue transplantation research.  

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  • Transplanting fetal tissue into patients may treat  Parkinson's disease and perhaps even diabetes, genetic disorders, and spinal  cord injuries. In 1988, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) proposed to  perform the 1st neural transplant on a patient with Parkinson's disease and  underwent the required scientific and ethical reviews, but the Reagan  administration forbade this procedure. It called for an independent evaluation  of the moral and ethical issues of this research. The hand-picked panelists,  most of whom opposed abortion, even determined that its funding was appropriate  and it would not encourage women to seek abortion. Yet the Reagan administration  continued the ban and the Bush administration followed suit despite the panel's  results and many requests from people with progressive debilitating diseases.  The Research Freedom Act heeds the recommendations of the NIH panel. Legislators  include safeguards to place a firm barricade between abortion and research in  the act. For example, the physician must substantiate in writing that the woman  agreed to donate the fetal tissue after she decided to pursue an abortion. The  Act forbids the sale of fetal tissue and assesses criminal penalties on any such  exchanges. We allow transplantation of organs from murder victims even though we  do not support murder. So we can condone the use of fetal tissue for life-saving  research without endorsing abortions. The Act also renews the integrity of NIH's  scientific review process. It can renew hope for people with diseases that fetal  tissue transplantation may be able to treat. The US can either  use the lifeless tissue for transplants or for other research or it can throw it  away.


 


神经组织移植的法律道德方面
有价值的学术争论——尝试骑上各种“马”

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修复的希望:解除对胎儿组织移植研究的禁令